Natural Beauty of Sundarban
Sundarbans National Park charms the tourists in many ways. This marshy land is the home to many ferocious and beautiful animals and to some of the unique floras. The Sundarban is the true wonder of nature. It is the biggest continuous block of Rhizophora mangrove Forest within the World. Sundarban is the home to many beautiful and some endangered species like Sundarban Royal Bengal Tiger, Estuarine Crocodile, Spotted Deer, and Wild Boar. Sunderban looks to be a floating forest once it gets part submerged by extremely saline water throughout the highwater. Within a couple of hours, the low water makes the water to recede back to the Bay of geographic area exposing the clay beds of mudflat to the air. Tidal amplitude and fluctuations of Sundarbans are around seven-meter. These distinctive options build Sundarban park, the simplest park in the Asian nation. The Sundarban National Park is a great tourist spot.
Eco-tourism in Sundarban
The development of the Sundarban eco-tourism is one of the top priorities of the Forest Department for Sundarban National Park. It forms part of the existing Government national objectives concerning existing and proposed tourism policies in Bangladesh and India. It will contribute to the event of a healthy, accountable and property variety of eco-tourism for the advantage of all. Sundarban Eco-tourism Centres are located at Sajnekhali, Dobanki, Netidhopani and Burir Dabri in STR, and at Bonie camp (Sundarikati), Bhagabatpore Crocodile Project, Lothian Island sanctuary and Kalash beach. There square measure 2 Nature Interpretation Centres situated at Sajnekhali and Bhagabatpore, and one Eco museum at Sudarikati.
The Sundarbans forest is home to over four hundred tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters, and are famous for their man-eating tendencies, it also comprises of other animals like Estuarine Crocodile, Spotted Deer, and Wild Boar.
Royal Bengal Tiger
The crown jewel is obviously the Sundarban Royal Bengal Tiger, is as notorious for its ferocity and man-eating habit as it is appraised for its royalty and beauty. It is terribly illustrious and robust animal best-known for its grace, power, and agility. It is an Asiatic carnivorous animal zoologically named as Panthera tigris. There square measure numerous species and taxonomic category of the tigers square measure found everywhere the planet. Tiger is an endangered species of the animal however few are left all over the world which we have to conserve in any way in order to save their life on the earth. It is mainly seen in the Sundarban National Park and counts about 2500 plus.
The estuarial crocodilian, also known as the Saltwater Crocodile. The size of an adult Crocodile ranges from 880 – 1200 pounds with lengths of 14 – 17 feet for males and for females 180 – 220 pounds with lengths of 7.5 to 11 feet. The seawater crocodilian could be a predator and has many various varieties of prey. When young, Saltwater Crocodile is restricted to smaller prey like insects, amphibians, crustaceans, and small fish and other small reptiles. When they become an adult, they feed on larger prey such as mud crabs, turtles, snakes, birds, buffalo, wild boar, and even monkeys. When the Saltwater Crocodile hunts for food, it usually hides in the water with only the nostrils, eyes, and part of the back is exposed. In Sundarban Bhagabatpur crocodile project which is famous for estuarine crocodiles.
Sundarban National Park is the natural habitat of the spotted Deer. Spotted Deer is very common in the Sundarbans forest. It is one in every of the foremost stunning expensive within the world. They like to live in the flock. In a flock there square measure 10-25 ruminant live along. Mostly they live in the grassy forest. The main enemy of them is Royal Bangle tiger, which is only found in the Sundarban. A dark stripe runs down the back from the nape to the tip of the tail. The abdomen, rump, throat and the insides of the legs, tail, and ears are white. A black band circles the muzzle. The adult weighs about 85 kg. They are typically inhabitants of forest edges, due to indiscriminate hunting for meat and fur, their population has declined alarmingly since the 1950s. They are mainly found in the Sundarban National Park.
Wild boars have stocky, powerful bodies with grey-brown fur. Mature males have tusks that protrude from the mouth. Piglets square measure a lighter ginger-brown in color, with stripes on their coat for camouflage. Large animals like wild boar can get up to 80 cm at the shoulder and typically weigh between 60-100 kg, although males in excess of 200 kg. Boars are not fussy eaters and will consume a wide variety of food. Much of their diet is made up of seeds and fruit, and even small mammals, birds’ eggs and chicks. Most boars live in groups, known as sounders that are comprised of females and their young. Adult males tend to live alone, only coming together with females to mate. Typically, four to six piglets will be born in spring. A boar’s maximum natural life in the wild is thought to be around 14 years. Boars have poor eyesight but an extremely strong sense of smell, relying on their nose to find food and detect danger.
A total number of 245 genera and 334 plants species were recorded by David Prain in the year 1903. The Sundarbans flora is characterized by the abundance of Sundari, Gewa, Goran, and Keora all of which occur prominently throughout the area. The Sundari tree yields a hardwood, used for building houses and making boats, furniture, and other things. New forest accretions are often conspicuously dominated by Keora and tidal forests. It is associate indicator species for newly accreted mudbanks and is a very important species for life, especially spotted deer. Among palms, Poresia coarctate, Myriostachya wightiana and Golpata are well distributed. The Sundarbans has been classified as a wet tropical forest demonstrating an entire mosaic of seers, comprising primary formation on new accretions to a lot of mature beach forests.
Natural disasters, such as cyclones, always threaten the values of property and there are potential threats in the properties as well as salinity water intrusion and throwing. Due to the exploitation of both wood resources and livestock, illegal hunting and traps, and agricultural ineffective, there is a serious threat to the value of the property. As tourists, we should also help in conserving this beautiful swampland to increase the popularity of Sundarban Tourism.