Tag: sundarban delta

Sundarban Tour Booking

Sundarban Tour Booking from Mercury Tour Operator.

For Sundarban Tour Booking, first decide how many days you want to participate in the tour package? We provides
Sundarbans one day tour, 1 night 2 days Sundarbans tour, 2 nights 3 days Sundarbans tour and travel plans.

Some time we arrange customize Sundarban Tour according to the choice of the tourists. All travel itineraries that Mercury tour operator makes for Sundarbans tour depends on the date, time and number of passenger. While booking the Sundarbans tour, first of all you need to know from which specific place we will pick you up, within what time you have to come and wait for us at that specific place etc.

All the services we provide in Sundarbans tour package are following .

  1. Family wise Room (Double  Triple , Four Bed , Dormitory room
  2. Pick up and drop from Kolkata / Canning railway station/ Sonakhaali Ferry ghat / Godkhali Basanti ferry ghat.
  3. All meals starting from Breakfast, Lunch, Evening tea & snacks and Dinner
  4. Safety and secure motorized boat or launch to cover Sundarbans mangrove forest, Watchtowers , Nature interpretation center .
  5. Bird Watching is a most important part of our Sundarban tour package.
  6. While touring to Sundarbans forest our Govt approved tour guide explain all about Sundarban forest .
  7. During evening time we arrange local entertainment program with local villagers . It may be Bonobibi Yatra pala , or Jhumur dance, baul song or various local cultural dance , drama and other activities.
  8. Local village tour is a part of our Sundarban tour . During our tour itinerary we visit local village to know its heritage, culture and daily life style of Sundarban.

Sundarban Tour Booking from Kolkata

Process of Sundarban Tour Booking:

  1. Enlist your Name with our upcoming Sundarban tour
  2. Make sure how many passengers are willing to visit Sundarban with us
  3. Make some advance payment to ensure your Sundarban Booking with us.
  4. We will provide you Sundarban Booking tour voucher along with Tour details, Timing , pickup & drop location, Tour manager details, Bus / Vehicle details etc.

Sundarban Tour Booking Cost

  1.  For a day Tour to Sundarban per head cost @ Rs. 2500 (minimum 2 heads )
  2. For 1 Night 2 Days Sundarban tour booking per head cost @ Rs.4500 (minimum 2 heads)
  3. For 2 Nights 3 Days Sundarban tour booking per head cost @ Rs.5800 (minimum 2 heads)

All above Sundarban tour booking is depends on the minimum group size of 15 heads or more .

Please contact Mercury Tour Operator before you plan for any upcoming Sundarban tour.

Visit our Website for More Details


Call : 8910339427, 8902495917


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Sundarban Birds

Birds of Sundarban

sunderban tour package plan

Sundarban Birds at a glance 

Where the land meets the ocean at the southern tip of the state of West Bengal lies the Sundarbans, a stretch of impenetrable flowering tree forest of nice size and bio-diversity. Sundarban may be a huge space covering 4262 sq. km in India. Sundarban Tourism has a lot to offer. There are about 248 bird species found in Sunderban national park including a large number of migratory birds of Sundarban from higher latitudes that visit the park in winter months like Herons, Egrets, Cormorants, Storks, Green Pigeons, and Sand Pipers.

The main species of Sundarban birds in Sunderban national park are Small Minivet, Common Flameback, Black-hooded Oriole, Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker, Mangrove Whistler, White ibis, Osprey, Yellow Wagtail.

Small Minivet

The Small Minivet is a small bird, are popular Sundarban birds measuring 15 to 16 cm in length and weighing 6 to 12 grams. There is much plumage variance among the subspecies. The male small minivet has grey upperparts and orange underparts. The lower forehead is dark grey. The face, ear coverts, lore, chin, and upper throat are blackish-grey. The belly and under tail are yellowish. The rump and outer tail feathers are orange. There is an orange wing patch. The female is gray on the upperparts and has whitish or pale creamy yellow underparts. It has a dark grey lore. The bill is strong, pointed and dark grey in colour. The irises are blackish. The legs and feet are black. The call of these minivet species is a thin, whistling sound.

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Common Flameback

The Common Flameback is a large woodpecker. Its contrasted bright plume makes this Sundarban bird a ray of daylight among branches and foliage. Adult male has bright coloured plumage. On the upperparts, hind neck and upper mantle are black. The rest of upperparts are olive, strongly washed golden. The feathers are edged yellow and that we will see generally orange or red tinge on the rear. The lower back and the rump are bright red. The blackish-brown higher tail-coverts could also be colour olive and also the tail is black. On the top, crown and crest are red, whereas forehead and upper lores are brownish-red. The crown is finely edged black. The head sides are black and white, with a black stripe from the eye to the nape, and a narrow black moustachial line extending down to the upper breast. The Common Flameback feeds primarily on invertebrates, various insects and larvae. It forages at all levels in woodlands and although it prefers the lower parts of the trees, it also forages near the treetop or at mid level.

Black-hooded Oriole

The Black-hooded Oriole maybe a bird of open timber and cultivation. Their food is insects and fruit, particularly figs, found within the tree canopies where the orioles pay a lot of their time. It is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds. The male is with the typical oriole black and yellow coloration. The plume is preponderantly yellow, with a solid black hood, and black also in the wings and tail center. The female Black-hooded Oriole may be a drabber bird with green underneath components but still has the black hood. Young birds square measure just like the feminine bird but have dark streaking on the underparts, and their hood is not solidly black, especially on the throat.

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker

The fulvous-breasted woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker, measuring 17 to 20 cm in length and weighing about 25 to 40 gram. These fulvous-breasted woodpeckers have black upperparts with heavy white barring. The forehead, lores, face, ear-coverts, and throat are fulvous or white. The black malar stripe extends down the sides of the neck to meet the black line from the breast. It belongs to the family of piculets and woodpeckers, the Picidae. The bill of the fulvous-breasted woodpecker is slaty grey. Their food consists mainly of arboreal insects, insect larvae, grasshoppers, locust, cicadas, and crickets. These woodpeckers are mostly arboreal and forage in mid-story and canopy on tree trunks, branches, and foliage.

Mangrove Whistler

The mangrove whistler is a medium-sized whistler, measuring 15 to 27 cm in length and weighing 20 to 25 grams. The mangrove whistler belongs to the family of whistlers and shrike thrushes, the Pachycephalidae. The crown of the mangrove whistler is ashy grey. The forehead is light grey. The upperparts and wings are uniformly greyish brown. The chin and throat are whitish. The breast is pale grey. The rest of the underparts are white. The bill is black. The irises are dark brown. The feet are silvery grey. The food of Mangrove Whistler consists mainly of insect larvae, beetles, grasshoppers, locust, crickets, dragonflies, cicadas, moths, butterflies, crickets, spiders. The nesting sites are usually located on small trees 1-4 meters above the ground.


White ibis

White Ibises are massive walking birds with football-shaped bodies. They have long legs and a protracted neck that they hold out straight on the wing. Their bill is long and curved. Ibis is nearly entirely white, except for the black-tipped wings and brilliant reddish-pink legs and bill. The blank skin around their blue eyes is additionally red-pink. Juveniles (fall through winter) are brown on top of and white below with a patterned brown neck. The legs and bill of juveniles are orange-pink. These long-legged waders forage in groups in shallow wetlands and other areas with standing water. They walk slowly with their heads down searching the muddy surface for insects and crustaceans. In-flight, their long necks are extended and their feet behind.


The Osprey bird weighs around 1400 – 2000 grams and has a length of 52 – 60 centimeters. It has a 150 – 180 centimetres wingspan. The Pandion haliaetus has primarily white underneath components and head, apart from a dark mask through the eye, and fairly uniformly brown upperparts. Its short tail and long, narrow wings with four long ‘finger’ feathers (and a shorter fifth) give it a very distinctive appearance. The Ospreys diet consists mainly of fish. The Pandion haliaetus bird is commonly illustrious by different conversational names like ‘fishhawk’, ‘seahawk’ or ‘Fish Eagle’.

Yellow Wagtail

The Yellow oscine is olive-green with a yellow face and a black-and-white tail. Males are brighter than females. The similar grey oscine additionally contains a yellow belly, however, contains a grey back and black wings. It feeds on invertebrates and is mainly a migratory bird. They nest on the bottom or in long grass, exploitation plants, grasses and stems to build a cup-shape which they line with fur. They can have up to two broods, each with five or six eggs. A summer visitant, they arrive from their African wintering grounds from March forward.

Though most of the Sundarban birds in the Sundarban National Park are migratory and most are from cold African region of origin they move to tropical areas for warmth. So if we do not take up actions now against pollution then soon there will be a day coming where the bird sanctuaries will be empty.

To Know more

Please Call +91-8902495917, 8910339424, 9163424988

Mercury Tour Operator

207/171, B.T Road,Baranagar, Kolkata 700036

Sundarban Tour Package

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Sundarban Eco Tourism

Eco-tourism in Sundarban

Sundarban Ecotourism is a form of responsible travel to natural areas, conserving the environment, and improving the well-being of the local people. Its purpose is to fund ecological conservations and support the local communities.

The development of the Sundarban eco-tourism is one of the top priorities of the Forest Department. It forms part of the existing Government national objectives concerning existing and proposed tourism policies in Bangladesh and India. The Eco-Tourism Development and Management Plan advises on legislation, tourism practices, structural changes, training and facilities requirements, environmental impact, and marketing and promotion strategies. It will contribute to the event of a healthy, responsible and sustainable type of eco-tourism for the benefit of all. The Eco-tourism Centres are located at Sajnekhali, Dobanki, Netidhopani and Burir Dabri in STR, and at Bonie camp(Sundarikati), Bhagabatpore Crocodile Project, Lothian Island sanctuary and Kalash beach. There area unit 2 Nature Interpretation Centres settled at Sajnekhali and Bhagabatpore, and one Eco museum at Sudarikati. The Canopy walk at Dobanki, the mangrove trail at Burirdabri and the tallest Watch Tower at Bonie camp are added attractions for the Eco-tourists.

The Flora

A total of 245 genera and 334 plant species were recorded by David Prain in 1903. While most of the mangroves in different components of the globe area unit, Avicenneaceae or Combretaceae, the mangroves of Sundarbans are dominated by the Malvaceae and Euphorbiaceae. The types of the forests that exist in Sundarbans embrace Rhizophora mangrove scrub, littoral forest, saltwater mixed forest, brackish water mixed forest and swamp forest.

The Fauna

There is no doubt that the Royal Bengal tiger is the most aesthetic animal of the marshy land but it also comprises of other animals like the chital deer, pangolins, foxes, fishing cats, etc. Among the birds grey-headed fish eagle, blue-eared kingfisher is the most common to view during the Sundarban tour. It is estimated that there are about 180 Bengal tigers and 30,000 chital deers which are spotted in the area.

Religious Beliefs and Rituals

The Sundarbans’ forest dwellers have bit by bit embraced a culture of their own. There are certain rituals as well as religious festival observed in the Sundarban villages, for instance, the Raash yatra within the Dubla Island (Bangladesh) that takes place on Raash Purnima is determined throughout the month of Nov. The Hindu community from India and different states usually visit the Sundarban forest area  throughout this era and take holy dip within the waters and build offerings for a fulfilment want. Bonbibi is another Superpower who is popularly worshipped in the Sundarbans as the savior of the natives. Bonbibi, who is considered as the omnipotent power who looks after the welfare of the dwellers of the forest. Bonbibi is very popular among both the communities, the Hindus as well as the Muslims. It is a major part of Sundarban eco-tourism.

Among all the Gods and Deities of Sundarban are Manik Pirs, Olabibi, Manasa, Gazi Saheb, Sa Janguli, etc. But among these, Dakshin Rai holds a special place. Worshipping Dakshin Rai is a must for the people before they enter the forest. Dakshin Rai could be a legend King in the form of Tiger is adored by all, irrespective of their caste and creed and is considered as the God of the Tigers.

Any forest going woodcutter in Sundarban forest or honey collector first propitiates the deities of Bonbibi and Dokhhinrai, which are usually placed at the edge of forests. For the previous few years, the individuals of the Kalitala village in north twenty-four Parganas are encapturing the whole life history of Bonbibi by displaying a panel of clay pictures that is quite 250 in range. The residents of the Sundarbans refers to Bonbibi as a Musalmani Hindu deity, the practice approach is completely different within the 2 communities residing therein space.

The Culture

It is mentioned in varied Bengali folks songs and dances centering the people heroes, many deities and goddesses like Bonobibi, Dakshin Rai of Sunderbans and to the lower Gangetic Delta (Maa Manasa and Chand Sadagar). Manasamangal, a Bengali folk epic includes couple of passages set in the Sunderbans when the heroine Behula’s quests to bring Lakhindar, her husband, back to life.

Sunderbans has been the subject of multiple non-fiction books, such as The Man-Eating Tigers of Sundarbans by Sy Montgomery. This book that was additionally shortlisted for the Dorothy solitaire Fisher Children’s Book Award. Emily Eden discusses her travels through the Sunderbans in her book “Up the Country”. Apart from these, numerous documentary films have been shot with Sunderbans as the subject. 2003 IMAX production “Shining Bright” that centered on the Royal Bengal tiger is one in all those. The popular BBC TV series “Ganges” that documented the lives of Sundarbans’ villagers, honey collectors is additionally worth mentioning. Apart from these the forest dwellers also worships snakes, tigers, trees to overcome any difficulty.

Maybe Sundarban is a god gifted place to the locals with some beautiful and ferocious species but it also serves as a great tourist destination for making an adventurous tour. So if you have not taken the adventurous tour yet, then join as soon as possible to the Land of the Tigers.


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Sundarban Tourism

Sundarban Tourism

The Sundarban is the true wonder of nature. Sundarban Tourism attracts worldwide tourist. It is the most important continuous block of Rhizophora mangrove Forest within the World. Sundarban  Delta is that the home to several lovely and a few species like Royal Bengal tiger, Estuarine Crocodile, Spotted Deer, Wild Boar, Olive Ridley Turtle, and Gangetic Dolphin, etc. Indian Sundarban consists of 102 deltaic islands that may be a half Gangetic Delta, the world’s largest delta. Sundarban Delta is spread over 9630 sq KM. in southern a part of state and hosts extraordinarily made diversity of aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna.

Sunderban appears to be a floating forest once it gets partly submerged by extremely saline water throughout the high water. Within a couple of hours, the low tide makes the water to recede back to the Bay of Bengal exposing the clay beds of mudflat to the air. Tidal amplitude and fluctuations of Sundarbans are around seven-meter. These distinctive options create Sundarban parkland, the most effective parkland in India.

Life and Culture in Sundarban

Sundarbans charms the tourists in many ways. Sundarban Tourism is not only amazed the tourists because of its flora and fauna but the wild fascinates the most. It’s diversified flora and fauna attracts tourists round the year. This unique tourist spot is situated in the delta region of Bay of Bengal where Ganges, Hooghly, Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers meet. It is the world’s largest delta known as the Ganga – Brahmaputra Delta.


Attractive Tourist Spots

The Sundarbans’ tourist spots include a number of places like the Sundarban National Park, and a number of sanctuaries like, Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary, Lothian Wildlife Sanctuary, Haliday Wildlife Sanctuary.

The entry point to Sunderban Tiger Reserve is either Sonakhali via Canning, or Bagna via Dhamakhali. For visiting South twenty-four Parganas Forest Division, on the western a part of watercourse Malta, Sundarban entry points are Namkhana, Raidighi or Jharkhali via Canning/Basanti. Sundarban Entry Permits are available at Canning, Sonakhali, and Bagna for STR and at Canning, Namkhana, and Raidighi for the Western part of Sunderban Forest.

The Sundarban National Park is located in the eastern part of West Bengal, Sundarban delta is the largest delta in the world, consisting of 10,200 sq km of Mangrove Forest that is touch India (4200 sq kilometer of Reserved Forest) and East Pakistan (6000 sq kilometer approx of Reserved Forest). Sundarban conjointly happens to be the most important Rhizophora mangrove Forest within the world. It has one of the richest reserves of flora and fauna all over the world. The Rhizophora mangle trees, from that the place derives its name includes a total of sixty-four sorts obtainable here together with varied different plants here. Also apart from the renowned tigers there area unit varied different animals just like the swine, spotted deer, wild cat, rhesus macaque, flying fox and several other animals and reptiles that are visible here. Sundarbans is additionally a heaven for ornithologists or fiery bird watchers.

The assets are clearly the Sundarban Royal Bengal tiger, It is as infamous for its violence and man-eating habit because it is appraised for its royalty and beauty. Sundarban had earned the standing of a Tiger Reserve within the year 1973, once the Project Tiger Program was formed in India. A few years later, in 1977 it was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary, in 1984 it was declared as a National Park. Recognition from UNESCO as a world heritage web site came within the year 1987. The Sundarban parkland has been divided into wildlife sanctuaries for a lot of economical administration. The total space of Sundarbans is 4262 sq kilometre. Of the 54 islands that join together to form the Sundarbans, not all are inhabited only by wild animals. A calculable three.2 million people are also found to be living here. Of the entire space around 2585 sq kilometer area unit reserved for the wild animals.

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Sundarban National Park

Natural Beauty of Sundarban

Sundarbans National Park charms the tourists in many ways. This marshy land is the home to many ferocious and beautiful animals and to some of the unique floras. The Sundarban is the true wonder of nature. It is the biggest continuous block of Rhizophora mangrove Forest within the World. Sundarban is the home to many beautiful and some endangered species like Sundarban Royal Bengal Tiger, Estuarine Crocodile, Spotted Deer, and Wild Boar. Sunderban looks to be a floating forest once it gets part submerged by extremely saline water throughout the highwater. Within a couple of hours, the low water makes the water to recede back to the Bay of geographic area exposing the clay beds of mudflat to the air. Tidal amplitude and fluctuations of Sundarbans are around seven-meter. These distinctive options build Sundarban park, the simplest park in the Asian nation. The Sundarban National Park is a great tourist spot.

Eco-tourism in Sundarban

The development of the Sundarban eco-tourism is one of the top priorities of the Forest Department for Sundarban National Park. It forms part of the existing Government national objectives concerning existing and proposed tourism policies in Bangladesh and India. It will contribute to the event of a healthy, accountable and property variety of eco-tourism for the advantage of all. Sundarban Eco-tourism Centres are located at Sajnekhali, Dobanki, Netidhopani and Burir Dabri in STR, and at Bonie camp (Sundarikati), Bhagabatpore Crocodile Project, Lothian Island sanctuary and Kalash beach. There square measure 2 Nature Interpretation Centres situated at Sajnekhali and Bhagabatpore, and one Eco museum at Sudarikati.

The Fauna

The Sundarbans forest is home to over four hundred tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters, and are famous for their man-eating tendencies, it also comprises of other animals like Estuarine Crocodile, Spotted Deer, and Wild Boar.

Royal Bengal Tiger

The crown jewel is obviously the Sundarban Royal Bengal Tiger, is as notorious for its ferocity and man-eating habit as it is appraised for its royalty and beauty. It is terribly illustrious and robust animal best-known for its grace, power, and agility. It is an Asiatic carnivorous animal zoologically named as Panthera tigris. There square measure numerous species and taxonomic category of the tigers square measure found everywhere the planet. Tiger is an endangered species of the animal however few are left all over the world which we have to conserve in any way in order to save their life on the earth. It is mainly seen in the Sundarban National Park and counts about 2500 plus.

Estuarine Crocodile

The estuarial crocodilian, also known as the Saltwater Crocodile. The size of an adult Crocodile ranges from 880 – 1200 pounds with lengths of 14 – 17 feet for males and for females 180 – 220 pounds with lengths of 7.5 to 11 feet. The seawater crocodilian could be a predator and has many various varieties of prey. When young, Saltwater Crocodile is restricted to smaller prey like insects, amphibians, crustaceans, and small fish and other small reptiles. When they become an adult, they feed on larger prey such as mud crabs, turtles, snakes, birds, buffalo, wild boar, and even monkeys. When the Saltwater Crocodile hunts for food, it usually hides in the water with only the nostrils, eyes, and part of the back is exposed. In Sundarban Bhagabatpur crocodile project which is famous for estuarine crocodiles.

Spotted Deer

Sundarban National Park is the natural habitat of the spotted Deer. Spotted Deer is very common in the Sundarbans forest. It is one in every of the foremost stunning expensive within the world. They like to live in the flock. In a flock there square measure 10-25 ruminant live along. Mostly they live in the grassy forest. The main enemy of them is Royal Bangle tiger, which is only found in the Sundarban. A dark stripe runs down the back from the nape to the tip of the tail. The abdomen, rump, throat and the insides of the legs, tail, and ears are white. A black band circles the muzzle. The adult weighs about 85 kg. They are typically inhabitants of forest edges, due to indiscriminate hunting for meat and fur, their population has declined alarmingly since the 1950s. They are mainly found in the Sundarban National Park.

Wild Boar

Wild boars have stocky, powerful bodies with grey-brown fur. Mature males have tusks that protrude from the mouth. Piglets square measure a lighter ginger-brown in color, with stripes on their coat for camouflage. Large animals like wild boar can get up to 80 cm at the shoulder and typically weigh between 60-100 kg, although males in excess of 200 kg. Boars are not fussy eaters and will consume a wide variety of food. Much of their diet is made up of seeds and fruit, and even small mammals, birds’ eggs and chicks. Most boars live in groups, known as sounders that are comprised of females and their young. Adult males tend to live alone, only coming together with females to mate. Typically, four to six piglets will be born in spring. A boar’s maximum natural life in the wild is thought to be around 14 years. Boars have poor eyesight but an extremely strong sense of smell, relying on their nose to find food and detect danger.

The Flora

A total number of  245 genera and 334 plants species were recorded by David Prain in the year 1903. The Sundarbans flora is characterized by the abundance of Sundari, Gewa, Goran, and Keora all of which occur prominently throughout the area. The Sundari tree yields a hardwood, used for building houses and making boats, furniture, and other things. New forest accretions are often conspicuously dominated by Keora and tidal forests. It is associate indicator species for newly accreted mudbanks and is a very important species for life, especially spotted deer. Among palms, Poresia coarctate, Myriostachya wightiana and Golpata are well distributed. The Sundarbans has been classified as a wet tropical forest demonstrating an entire mosaic of seers, comprising primary formation on new accretions to a lot of mature beach forests.

Natural disasters, such as cyclones, always threaten the values ​​of property and there are potential threats in the properties as well as salinity water intrusion and throwing. Due to the exploitation of both wood resources and livestock, illegal hunting and traps, and agricultural ineffective, there is a serious threat to the value of the property. As tourists, we should also help in conserving this beautiful swampland to increase the popularity of Sundarban Tourism.



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